Ebola in Nigeria 2018 - 7 Preventive Tips To Stay Safe

Ebola in Nigeria 2018: Some of the symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease include fever, headaches, tiredness, nausea, diarrhoea,cough, vomiting and bleeding. You can prevent yourself by following the tips below:


Ebola Virus Spread in Nigeria - 7 Preventive Tips That Will Help You To Stay Protected.

Ebola outbreak in Nigeria

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has announced that Nigeria and other African countries are at risk of the deadly Ebola spread.

Ebola virus attack
Factfile on how the Ebola virus attacks (AFP)

How the Ebola Virus Attacks the Human Body

Viruses are parasitic, they hijack living cells to produce their own genome.

#1. Ebola Virus enters the body through contact with infected blood, urine, faeces, semen or other bodily fluids. (Incubation period is  2 - 21 days)

#2. It attacks human body immune system, and destroys white blood cells.

#3. Infected cells transport the virus throughout the body.

#4. The virus forms blood clots that damage organs and also depletes clotting agents.

#5. The immune system goes into dangerous overdrive known as a "cytokine storm", ultimately turning against itself.

#6. The disease can attack all organs of the human body including brain, liver, kidneys, intestine, eyes, genitals, etc.

#7. It leads to overall vascular system damage, internal and external bleeding from wounds, mucus membrane and orifices.

Note: Death can be caused by organs failure or hypovolemic shock, the loss of more than 20 percent of blood or fluid supply. Survivors are normally considered cured if the virus is no longer detectable in the bloodstream, typically within weeks of infection.

Brief history of Ebola

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF). It is Hemorrhagic in the sense that it pertains to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Ebola is a Filovirus, identified in 1976.

The group includes the Marburg, another deadly virus.

Viruses are submicroscopic, a fraction of the size of a typical bacteria.

Studies suggest the virus can persist in the body of recovered patients for months at various sites including

  • inside of eye

  • semen

  • amniotic fluid

  • placenta

  • breast milk

  • central nervous system.

A brief Ebola report has it that a new outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) was declared by the DRC government, after two samples tested positive for EVD in Bikoro, Equateur Province.

The Africa Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC), in its response, announced that it has activated its emergency operation center (EOC) to support national outbreak response efforts, according to an African Union (AU) statement, according to the New Agency of Nigeria (NAN).

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has also reported that Nigeria and other countries in Africa are at a high risk of the Ebola spread.

Atiku Abubakar, former vice president of Nigeria, on Thursday, May 10, 2018, expressed his concern over the news of an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Democratic Republic of Congo.

The ex-VP also advised Nigerian authorities to take precautions to prevent the Ebola spread in Nigeria. He urged the health and immigration authorities to commence surveillance in relevant areas of the country.

In his twitter handle, he said "The news of an Ebola outbreak in DR Congo is cause for concern and immediate action. Based on our experience from the most recent outbreak, it is imperative our health and immigration authorities begin immediate surveillance and preventive action at the ports and relevant areas."

What is Ebola?

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. Ebola viruses are highly infectious as well as contagious.

It is spread between humans by direct contact with infected blood, bodily fluids or organs, or indirectly through contact with contaminated environments, according to THT.

Symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease

Some of the symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease include fever, headaches, tiredness, nausea, diarrhoea,cough, vomiting and bleeding.

You can prevent yourself by following the tips below:

  1. Upholding a high level of hygiene should be a way of life with regular hand washing using soap and water

  2. Avoid unnecessary travel to countries with known outbreaks

  3. Avoid eating "Bush" meat

  4. Avoid contact with an infected person's body fluid, including blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva

  5. Do not handle human remains. The bodies of Ebola victims are still contagious and only specially trained teams should bury the remains of EVD victims.

  6. Avoid handling- dead or alive- animals which may carry the Ebola virus e. g Fruit Bat

  7. Wear special protective clothing (gowns, gloves, full face mask and eye goggles) and follow the specific preventive guidelines if you are around a person with EVD.

Ebola bat
Ebola Bat - BBC

According to health experts, rehydration and symptomatic can be means of treating an infected person.

In 2014, a Liberian-American, Patrick Sawyer, who was infected with the disease, flew into the country from Liberia to Lagos, Nigeria, sparking an outbreak.

Ebola in Nigeria 2018: The World Health Organization officially declared Nigeria Ebola-free on October 20, 2014.

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Ebola in Nigeria 2018 - 7 Preventive Tips To Stay Safe

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